Nông dân Việt Nam trước hiểm họa nước nhiễm mặn

Báo cáo của chính phủ Việt Nam đã tuyên bố rằng 40 phần trăm đồng bằng có thể bị chìm nếu mực nước biển tăng một mét trong nhiều thập niên tới trong khi người dân ở đồng bằng thấp đã bị ảnh hưởng bởi các cơn bão thường xuyên hơn và lũ lụt nặng hơn.
BEN TRE, VIETNAM - APRIL 29: An utility pole destroyed by high tides near the seafront on April 29, 2017 in Bao Thuan Village, Ba Tri District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam. The Mekong River Delta is amongst the most vulnerable regions in South Vietnam, which is home to more than 17 million people and produces around half of the country's rice harvest with its fertile fields. However, climate change is causing the rise of salt content of water in land that has ben used for rice paddies, coconut groves and other crops, threatening the livelihoods of millions of farmers and fishermen. The Vietnamese government report have stated that 40 percent of the delta could be submerged if sea levels rise by one-meter in decades to come while residents in the low-lying delta have already been affected by more frequent typhoons and heavier floods that could potentially drive hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, according to reports. As many locals have been forced to abandon their rice cultivation due to salinization and risk their livelihood on other ventures such as shrimp farming, reports also state that cycles and storms linked to climate change would not only risk the Mekong Delta, but also up to the coffee crops in the highlands as well as the Red River Delta in the north, affecting large areas near the country's capital, Hanoi. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)
Đồng bằng sông Cửu Long là một trong những vùng dễ bị tổn thương nhất ở Nam Việt Nam, nơi có hơn 17 triệu người và sản xuất khoảng một nửa tổng thu hoạch lúa gạo của đất nước với những cánh đồng màu mỡ. Tuy nhiên, biến đổi khí hậu gây ra sự gia tăng hàm lượng muối trong nước đã ảnh hưởng cho ruộng lúa, vườn dừa và các cây trồng khác, đe doạ đến sinh kế của hàng triệu nông dân và ngư dân.
BEN TRE, VIETNAM - APRIL 28: Tran Van Tam, 31, pumps salt water into his piece of land to turn it into a shrimp farm in Thua Duc Village, Binh Dai District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam. The Mekong River Delta is amongst the most vulnerable regions in South Vietnam, which is home to more than 17 million people and produces around half of the country's rice harvest with its fertile fields. However, climate change is causing the rise of salt content of water in land that has ben used for rice paddies, coconut groves and other crops, threatening the livelihoods of millions of farmers and fishermen. The Vietnamese government report have stated that 40 percent of the delta could be submerged if sea levels rise by one-meter in decades to come while residents in the low-lying delta have already been affected by more frequent typhoons and heavier floods that could potentially drive hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, according to reports. As many locals have been forced to abandon their rice cultivation due to salinization and risk their livelihood on other ventures such as shrimp farming, reports also state that cycles and storms linked to climate change would not only risk the Mekong Delta, but also up to the coffee crops in the highlands as well as the Red River Delta in the north, affecting large areas near the country's capital, Hanoi. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)
Người dân phải mua nước ngọt để uống và trồng trọt trong một điều kiện khắc nghiệt trước hiểm họa của thiên nhiên…
BEN TRE, VIETNAM - APRIL 28: Nguyen Thanh Nhat, 39, a water truck driver, pumps fresh water from his truck to client's storages on April 28, 2017 in Thua Duc Village, Binh Dai District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam. Due to the lack of fresh water caused by salinization, people in Thu Duc Village need to buy fresh water from water truck from VND100,000 to VND200,000 (around US$4.5 to US$9) for 3 cubic meters. The Mekong River Delta is amongst the most vulnerable regions in South Vietnam, which is home to more than 17 million people and produces around half of the country's rice harvest with its fertile fields. However, climate change is causing the rise of salt content of water in land that has ben used for rice paddies, coconut groves and other crops, threatening the livelihoods of millions of farmers and fishermen. The Vietnamese government report have stated that 40 percent of the delta could be submerged if sea levels rise by one-meter in decades to come while residents in the low-lying delta have already been affected by more frequent typhoons and heavier floods that could potentially drive hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, according to reports. As many locals have been forced to abandon their rice cultivation due to salinization and risk their livelihood on other ventures such as shrimp farming, reports also state that cycles and storms linked to climate change would not only risk the Mekong Delta, but also up to the coffee crops in the highlands as well as the Red River Delta in the north, affecting large areas near the country's capital, Hanoi. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)
Anh Nguyễn Thanh Nhật, 39 tuổi, lái xe tải nước, bơm nước sạch từ xe tải của mình đến tận nhà cho khách hàng vào ngày 28 tháng 4 năm 2017 tại thôn Thừa Đức, huyện Bình Đại, tỉnh Bến Tre, Việt Nam.
BEN TRE, VIETNAM - APRIL 28: Nguyen Thanh Nhat, 39, a water truck driver, pumps fresh water from his truck to client's storages on April 28, 2017 in Thua Duc Village, Binh Dai District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam. Due to the lack of fresh water caused by salinization, people in Thu Duc Village need to buy fresh water from water truck from VND100,000 to VND200,000 (around US$4.5 to US$9) for 3 cubic meters. The Mekong River Delta is amongst the most vulnerable regions in South Vietnam, which is home to more than 17 million people and produces around half of the country's rice harvest with its fertile fields. However, climate change is causing the rise of salt content of water in land that has ben used for rice paddies, coconut groves and other crops, threatening the livelihoods of millions of farmers and fishermen. The Vietnamese government report have stated that 40 percent of the delta could be submerged if sea levels rise by one-meter in decades to come while residents in the low-lying delta have already been affected by more frequent typhoons and heavier floods that could potentially drive hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, according to reports. As many locals have been forced to abandon their rice cultivation due to salinization and risk their livelihood on other ventures such as shrimp farming, reports also state that cycles and storms linked to climate change would not only risk the Mekong Delta, but also up to the coffee crops in the highlands as well as the Red River Delta in the north, affecting large areas near the country's capital, Hanoi. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)
Do thiếu nước ngọt nên người dân ở thôn Thủ Đức cần mua nước ngọt qua xe tải nước từ 100.000 đồng đến 200.000 đồng (khoảng 4,5-5 USD) cho 3 mét khối.
BEN TRE, VIETNAM - APRIL 28: A farmer checks his water pumping machine on April 28, 2017 in the South side of Thua Duc Village, Binh Dai District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam. Due to the lack of fresh water caused by salinization, just a number of households have access to fresh water. These households sells fresh water to truck water truck driver for VND20,000 (around US$0.45) for 3 cubic meters, the truck drivers will resell this water from VND100,000 to VND200,000 (around US$4.5 to US$9). The Mekong River Delta is amongst the most vulnerable regions in South Vietnam, which is home to more than 17 million people and produces around half of the country's rice harvest with its fertile fields. However, climate change is causing the rise of salt content of water in land that has ben used for rice paddies, coconut groves and other crops, threatening the livelihoods of millions of farmers and fishermen. The Vietnamese government report have stated that 40 percent of the delta could be submerged if sea levels rise by one-meter in decades to come while residents in the low-lying delta have already been affected by more frequent typhoons and heavier floods that could potentially drive hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, according to reports. As many locals have been forced to abandon their rice cultivation due to salinization and risk their livelihood on other ventures such as shrimp farming, reports also state that cycles and storms linked to climate change would not only risk the Mekong Delta, but also up to the coffee crops in the highlands as well as the Red River Delta in the north, affecting large areas near the country's capital, Hanoi. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)
Anh Trần Văn Tâm, 31 tuổi, bơm nước mặn vào mảnh đất để chuyển thành trại nuôi tôm ở thôn Thừa Đức, huyện Bình Đại, tỉnh Bến Tre, Việt Nam.
BEN TRE, VIETNAM - APRIL 29: Vo Van Phuong, 54, sits at his clam guard hut next to the seafront on April 29, 2017 in Bao Thuan Village, Ba Tri District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam. He said he got to move this hut closer in land every year due to the rising sea level. The Mekong River Delta is amongst the most vulnerable regions in South Vietnam, which is home to more than 17 million people and produces around half of the country's rice harvest with its fertile fields. However, climate change is causing the rise of salt content of water in land that has ben used for rice paddies, coconut groves and other crops, threatening the livelihoods of millions of farmers and fishermen. The Vietnamese government report have stated that 40 percent of the delta could be submerged if sea levels rise by one-meter in decades to come while residents in the low-lying delta have already been affected by more frequent typhoons and heavier floods that could potentially drive hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, according to reports. As many locals have been forced to abandon their rice cultivation due to salinization and risk their livelihood on other ventures such as shrimp farming, reports also state that cycles and storms linked to climate change would not only risk the Mekong Delta, but also up to the coffee crops in the highlands as well as the Red River Delta in the north, affecting large areas near the country's capital, Hanoi. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)
Anh Võ Văn Phương, 54 tuổi, ngồi tại căn nhà bảo vệ ngao của mình cạnh bờ biển vào ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 2017 tại thôn Bảo Thuấn, huyện Ba Tri, tỉnh Bến Tre, Việt Nam. Ông nói ông phải di chuyển căn nhà này gần hơn trong đất liền hàng năm do mực nước biển dâng cao.
BEN TRE, VIETNAM - APRIL 29: A cafe was destroyed bt the high tides near the seafront on around February 2017, photographed on April 29, 2017 in Bao Thuan Village, Ba Tri District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam. The Mekong River Delta is amongst the most vulnerable regions in South Vietnam, which is home to more than 17 million people and produces around half of the country's rice harvest with its fertile fields. However, climate change is causing the rise of salt content of water in land that has ben used for rice paddies, coconut groves and other crops, threatening the livelihoods of millions of farmers and fishermen. The Vietnamese government report have stated that 40 percent of the delta could be submerged if sea levels rise by one-meter in decades to come while residents in the low-lying delta have already been affected by more frequent typhoons and heavier floods that could potentially drive hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, according to reports. As many locals have been forced to abandon their rice cultivation due to salinization and risk their livelihood on other ventures such as shrimp farming, reports also state that cycles and storms linked to climate change would not only risk the Mekong Delta, but also up to the coffee crops in the highlands as well as the Red River Delta in the north, affecting large areas near the country's capital, Hanoi. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)
Một quán cà phê đã bị phá hủy bởi thủy triều cao gần bờ biển vào khoảng tháng 2 năm 2017, chụp ảnh vào ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 2017 tại làng Bảo Thuấn, huyện Ba Tri, tỉnh Bến Tre, Việt Nam.
BEN TRE, VIETNAM - APRIL 29: Landscape of a briny water cananl on April 29, 2017 in Bao Thuan Village, Ba Tri District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam. The Mekong River Delta is amongst the most vulnerable regions in South Vietnam, which is home to more than 17 million people and produces around half of the country's rice harvest with its fertile fields. However, climate change is causing the rise of salt content of water in land that has ben used for rice paddies, coconut groves and other crops, threatening the livelihoods of millions of farmers and fishermen. The Vietnamese government report have stated that 40 percent of the delta could be submerged if sea levels rise by one-meter in decades to come while residents in the low-lying delta have already been affected by more frequent typhoons and heavier floods that could potentially drive hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, according to reports. As many locals have been forced to abandon their rice cultivation due to salinization and risk their livelihood on other ventures such as shrimp farming, reports also state that cycles and storms linked to climate change would not only risk the Mekong Delta, but also up to the coffee crops in the highlands as well as the Red River Delta in the north, affecting large areas near the country's capital, Hanoi. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)
Cảnh quan của một con kênh bị nhiễm mặn vào ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 2017 tại thôn Bảo Thuấn, huyện Ba Tri, tỉnh Bến Tre, Việt Nam. ( Hình ảnh : Getty Images )

 

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